就活生必须知道的“组织论262法则”

 

  所谓的“组织论262法则”指的是,大多数组织都是由20%优秀人才,60%普通人,20%不干活的人所构成的。不仅仅是人类的组织是这样,连蚂蚁等群居动物都适用这个法则。工作的蚂蚁,假装在工作的蚂蚁,不工作的蚂蚁,也是按照262的比例来分。

 

  这个262法则最让人觉得有趣的是,无论缺失了哪一层的构成人员,剩下的构成人员都会自然地按照262法则再次构成。例如,如果一个组织里面没有优秀人才,那么普通人里面就会产生出20%优秀人才。相反,就算是缺失了不干活的人也一样。而蚂蚁的世界也是一个道理,即使是故意拿走20%的工作的蚂蚁,另外80%的蚂蚁里面也会诞生出工作的蚂蚁。

 

  这是真的吗?相信不少人会质疑吧。虽然这个现象看起来很不可思议,但由于我的工作是组织改革的顾问,这种现象我已亲眼见证过很多回了。

 

  就算在招聘的时候只招聘优秀人才,组织里面也不会全是优秀的人才。就算是把组织里面的leader调走,剩下的成员里面也会产生出新的leader。

 

  在这里最想让正在找工作的人知道的是,这个262法则不仅仅是以人为单位,也可以以组织为单位。每当我给企业做顾问,观察组织的整体时,都会发现有“优秀的部署”“普通的部署”和“不行的部署”。只有少数的企业是全部由“优秀的部署”构成。

 

  也就是说,当你选择企业的时候,被分配到哪个部署是关键。虽然很多人都不能自主去选择部署,但姑且先记着吧。

 

  然而更重要的是,262法则也适用于公司单位。在相同的业界里,也会由“优秀的公司”“普通的公司”和”不行的公司”。这跟公司的规模,知名度没有关系。

 

  当一个普通的人才,如果运气好能够在“优秀的公司”里的“优秀的部署”里面工作,估计也能留下不错的成绩吧。这样的话也能拿到相应的报酬和待遇。


  相反,就算是一个优秀的人才,如果进入了一个“不行的公司”,被派到一个“不行的部署”的话,难就很难翻身了。如果严重的话,就会被这个组织的空气所污染,自己的潜力也会被拉下。

 

  “组织风土“是一个由人的价值基准来判定的一个要素。原因是一个特定的脑神经细胞。人是会潜意识的模仿身边的人的行为举止与思考的一种生物。即使是相同的成员,组织改革没有顺利进行就是这个原因。无论是家庭还是企业,向外部的顾问,教练请求“组织变革”的时候,人物的技能,能力,以及组织的“空气”都是重要的要素。

 

  从“安稳”的方面来考虑,有很多人都会选择在有品牌力的大公司里面工作。但是越是有久远历史,组织阶层越深的公司,262法则也越显著。而且风土这种东西,在公司外部的人是很难以体验到的。

 

  但是,如果是规模比较小的公司,组织风土就相对比较容易从外部理解。不信可以问问招聘面试的人。如果你说“想更加了解这个组织”,那他可能会带你参观工厂和办公室。进公司后,很有可能能够经常与上司,社长接触。越是积极公开内部情报的中小企业,就越能证明他们对自己公司风土有自信。

 

  如果你在找工作的时候很重视“工作的意义”或“成长”,那么你在选公司的时候除了看品牌,规模和待遇以外,不妨把目光放在组织风土上。(比起不知道会被派到哪个部署,不知道什么人会成为你的上司的大企业,中小企业的风险也许会少一点吧)


翻译自yahoo新闻

就职教科书

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