入籍或永住,哪个更适合长期留日的你?

2017年10月04日 16時15分

33

      
      长期留日继续奋斗面临的问题是最多的,几年之后不可避免的要考虑入籍还是永住的问题。今天我们就来讨论下两者的利弊~


其实这个问题的本质,用一首歌名就能解释——在日本《我该如何存在》......


入籍和永住,各有各的优势,也各有各的缺点。如何做出选择,取决于你自己的情况。


32


顾名思义,就是加入日本国籍,成为日本人。在日本入籍被称为“归化”,日本法律规定:在日本拥有固定住所并连续居住5年以上、年龄20岁以上、品行善良、本人或者配偶能够维持生计(有经济来源)、申请人是无国籍者或因获取日本国籍而放弃原国籍的人,可以申请一般归化。对于与日本具有一定血缘、地缘关系者,条件将放宽,可以申请简易归化(或特殊归化)。 

这么看来,其实硬性要求也就年龄和居住时间,所以入籍申请还是比较方便的。那么加入日本国籍有哪些福利可享?


04


参与日本政治!拥有参政权,包括选举权与被选举权!你可以直接参与日本政治,选举你喜欢的政党。有野心者,竞争党首、首相都可以。凡事都有可能,万一下一个日本首相就是你呢~


贷款easy!日本各大银行对于在日外国人的贷款审核相当严格,除了看收入,还要看借贷者的公司是否为大型上市企业等等。但对本国民的的借贷条件宽松至极,只要你有一份稳定的工作即可,额度也比较大,很少会为难你。


想去哪儿就去哪儿!日本护照在全球189个国家中免签154个国家(2015年),包括欧美等主要发达国家,也包括中国香港、中国澳门以及台湾地区。现在中国公民要去香港、台湾、澳门尚且需要通行证的,所以加入日本国籍后,你可以真正的来一场说走就走的“海外旅行”。


失业了?政府给你“送温暖”。失业者享受每个月15万日元的生活补助,日本政府还会花钱为你租公寓用以居住。



05


回趟家也要算计好。中国对日本护照虽然免签,期限只有短短15天。15天如果回家过年、探亲还好。但是如果因为工作或者其他原因需要在中国常驻,那对不起只能申请签证了。


你成了“霓虹金”。因为加入日本国籍的同时,必须放弃中国国籍,所以你国内的户籍也将被注销,身份证也就无效了。所以你在国内出入某些地方你就比较尴尬了,比如:


苦了孩子。如果你的子女也跟你一起入籍,那么你的子女在日本读大学,将无法再享受日本各大学针对外国人的奖学金制度,以及大学学费减免等政策。要知道,私立大学每年需要动辄一百多万日元的大学学费,所以你要做好“压力山大”的准备。


06

06


永住即不需要日本国籍也可以在日本“永久居住”。这么一看好像这个更自由,所以它的申请条件也更加苛刻。

申请“永住”的一大高门槛就是要求居住年限满10年以上,中间的签证不能间断。而且,在这10多年居住期内,需要至少5年的纳税证明,这暗含了对“经济能力”的考核。若申请者任职于小公司,收入有限,则很可能遭到拒绝。

并且,申请时需持有3年以上签证,签证距离期满必须还剩半年以上。成功之后,签证还须5年更换一次。

高难度有没有带来高福利呢?我们来看看~


06


在日本可以待着不走了!只要不违法乱纪,你有在日本永远居住的权利。(废话申请永住不就是为了这个...)


继续享受日本教育优惠!拿到永驻权的你依然是中国公民,对日本来说,你依然是个外国人。因此,你或者跟你一起加入永住的子女,依旧可以享受日本大学对外国留学生的种种优惠政策。


家想回就回!道理同上,作为中国公民那自然任何时候回国都随意。


贷款比较easy!虽然不能和日籍的人比,银行贷款对于有永驻权的外国人来说相对容易,只要工作稳定,信用度良好即可。


07


参政只能想想了。毕竟永住权也仅仅是在日本居住的权利,你是没有资格投票选择政党或者市长区长的,从政就更别想了。


永住权可不“永久”。如果你有违法乱纪的行为,将会面临永驻权被取消、驱逐出境的风险。而且,如果你不在日本本土的时间超过6个月时间,同样会被取消永住权。


有些旅行不能“说走就走”。作为可以在日久居的中国公民,你要去任何不对中国免签的国家依然需要办理签证,包括去香港依然需要通行证,去台湾依然需要“出入国许可证”等。


08

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