取得资格对就职有利吗?“漫不经心地随便乱考”绝对NG

   取得一些资格证书的话,对就职有利吗?经常有人这样问。确实,需要资格认定的职业很多。这种情况下,不取得资格的话是不行的。但是如果不是这种类型的工作呢?答案稍后揭晓,我们先从最基本的开始说起。
 

   经常被引以为例的是欧美各国的就业情形。准确地实施职业教育,为将来从事某些特定职业的人颁发职业资格,然后取得资格的人才可以就业。这种说起来似乎很理想的制度,如果问问欧美各国的人,就会发现评价并没有那么高,这是因为事实上欧美会发生一些和日本不同的问题。

   首先,如果要转职的话,必须要取得新的资格,这样转职门槛就很高。虽然日本以官方鼓励取得其他资格著称,但仅从数据上来看的话,大家的资格证书大多数依然停留在在高中取得的
水平上。

   第二,即使是留在同一个职种中,也没有升任要职的机会。因为升职又需要新的资格。因此,像毕业于法国的Grandes Écoles(法国高等专门教育学校)等超难上等学校就会成为升职的条件。总之,所谓资格,无论横向还是纵向都给人做了区分,让人只能从事特定的工作。
   
   例如,取得了经理资格的人,一生只能从事经理事务。欧洲实行同工同筹制度,靠这个资格谋生,无论多少年工资都不会涨多少。大概只能上升1成左右吧。这就是欧美的现实。

   那么日本的情况呢?最初的工作是经理事务,不久就会从这个工作毕业,去从事一些财务会计、决算、然后晋升到经营管理之类的职位吧。采用的时候,比起看这个人有没有经理事务资格,还是要看这个人能不能从事更高职位的工作。这一点是日本和欧洲的不同。

   了解了这一点后,我们再开看看开头的问题。日本企业比起资格证书更看重求职者的人格魅力、发展潜力这类素质。将资格看作人的人格魅力的一种表现的话,也只在最初阶段起作用。

   例如,取得了特别难以攻克的资格,只能说明这个人底子不错,又有肯努力的品质。或者,如果将一个领域的资格从简单到难一个一个全部攻克,只能说明这个人是真心喜欢这个职种。

   相反,最糟糕的情况,胡乱地考了一些简单的资格,只能说明这个人见异思迁没耐心,反而会招致一些负面的评价。




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    2017.04.23

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